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FORMING THE INTELLIGENCE OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS BASED ON CRITICAL THINKING (49-59)



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Дата публикации статьи в журнале: 2020/05/12
Название журнала: Евразийский Союз Ученых, Выпуск: 73, Том: 8, Страницы в выпуске: 49-59
Автор: Shayakhmetova Dana Beksultanovna
Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan , Abay Kazakh National Pedagogical University , Candidate of pedagogical sciences, Associate professor Department of foreign languages
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Анотация: This article is devoted to the problem of forming the intelligence of future primary school teachers based on the use of critical thinking techniques. The study clarified the concept of “intellectuality” as a set of methods, techniques, tools and mechanisms of training, as well as recommendations for their use in connection with the critical thinking acquisition, stimulating the formation of intellectual skills. The stages (challenge, implementation, reflection) that characterize critical thinking development are analyzed, their influence in the formation of intellectual skills of the future primary school teacher is established. Criteria and indicators for the formation of students’ intellectual skills were developed: cognitive criteria - awareness of the purpose and order of performing mental actions, productivity of mental activity, success in learning knowledge; perceptual criterion - the degree of perception of educational information, the formation of positive qualities of the mind, the search for new ways of thinking; activity criteria - compliance with the sequence of mental actions, the breadth of transfer of intellectual decisions, independence in performing mental actions, the frequency of application of intellectual skills in educational activities, as well as the levels of formation of intellectual skills allocated on their basis: critical, reproductive, heuristic, creative.
Данные для цитирования: Shayakhmetova Dana Beksultanovna . FORMING THE INTELLIGENCE OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS BASED ON CRITICAL THINKING (49-59) // Евразийский Союз Ученых. Педагогические науки. 2020/05/12; 73(8):49-59.



Список литературы: After analyzing the features of the introduction of critical thinking development techniques in the process of forming the intelligence of future teachers of primary classes, we came to the following conclusions: Intellectual skills are a significant component of intelligence, are part of the structure of mental abilities and intellectual development. Being one of the reliable criteria for the mental development of a personality, intellectual skills indicate the intelligence of a person and are able to influence the main thought processes. The specifics of the formation of intellectual skills of the future primary school teacher is associated with the need to analyze, compare, generalize phenomena and processes, establish cause-and-effect relationships between them, which requires special knowledge and a certain sequence of actions when performing operations. The success of the formation of intellectual skills is due to the purposeful development of cognitive, perceptual, and activity subsystems of the individual, which is fully provided by the pedagogical techniques for the development of critical thinking, aimed at enhancing perception, activating students’ activities, and developing their cognitive abilities. Techniques for developing critical thinking contain developmental, reflexive, dialogue and training mechanisms. Developing components of critical thinking allow to organize activities in the form of creative and research tasks, form research skills and systemic thinking, self-search and learning skills, contribute to the realization of the creativity of learners. The results of experimental work confirmed that the developed didactic algorithm (critical thinking techniques) is an effective means of forming intellectual skills. Positive dynamics of the influence of experimental learning on the mental development of students, their mastery of logical thinking operations, strengthening of positive thinking properties have been revealed


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