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Дата публикации статьи в журнале: 2020/06/14
Название журнала: Евразийский Союз Ученых, Выпуск: 74, Том: 6, Страницы в выпуске: 48-53
Автор: Kolarova Miglena
Varna, Bulgaria , Medical University , Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health
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Анотация: HIV / AIDS-related stigma and discrimination are defined as the processes of impairment of people living with or associated with HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study is to investigate the attitudes toward stigma and discrimination of nursing staff and HIV seropositives. Materials and methods: Anonymous questionnaire surveyed 230 medical professionals with different professional involvement (practitioners and students) regarding attitudes to serving HIV seropositive and 100 HIV seropositive about their behavior and social adaptation. The results were processed with SPSS v. 20.0 using variational, comparative, correlation and risk analyzes. Results: Just over half of the respondents (58,00%) are sharing the risky behavior that led to their HIV infection. From all of the specialists examined, only the physicians found a lower relative proportion of those who would serve an HIV seropositive patient (68,10%). The main reason for not sharing HIV status in 90,00% of the respondents is fear of discrimination. A significant proportion of HIV seropositives have an elected physician (76,00%), with only 36,00% of GPs aware of the patient's HIV status and 74,00% not reporting their HIV status when they visit different from their GP, Denta or Medical specialist. Conclusion: Stigma and discrimination are an important epidemiological, clinical and psychological problem in HIV and AIDS patients, which blocks access to testing and treatment services.
Ключевые слова: discrimination  epidemiological  fear  HIV / AIDS  social factors  stigma           
Данные для цитирования: Kolarova Miglena . BARRIERS — STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION IN HIV-POSITIVE PEOPLE (48-53) // Евразийский Союз Ученых. Медицинские науки. 2020/06/14; 74(6):48-53.

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