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HISTORICAL REASONS OF THE CHINESE KAZAKHS’ MIGRATION TO TURKEY AND EUROPE (BASED ON THE SU BEIHAI’S MANUSCRIPT GENERAL HISTORY OF THE KAZAKHS) (31-37)



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Дата публикации статьи в журнале: 2020/08/20
Название журнала: Евразийский Союз Ученых, Выпуск: 76, Том: 6, Страницы в выпуске: 31-37
Автор: Kaiyrken Tursynkhan Zakonuly
Nur-Sultan, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor
https://orcid.org/orcid-search/search?searchQuery=0000-0002-3808-4989
Автор: Makhat Danagul Akhmetkarimkyzy
Nur-Sultan, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor
https://orcid.org/orcid-search/search?searchQuery=0000-0002-8038-2680
Автор:
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Анотация: The article presents the reasons for the mass migration of the Kazakhs living in the People's Republic of China to foreign countries in 30`s of twentieth century, including India, Pakistan, Turkey and Europe. The study compares, examines, and correlates different data and the facts in Part IV of the comprehensive study by Chinese scholar Su Beihai General History of the Kazakhs, and the reasons, motivation, circumstances, and fate of the relocation were systematically recorded. Su Beihai saw the nomadic Kazakhs passing through Gansu and Qinghai provinces of China and collected a lot of material about them. Previously, due to strict censorship of the history of minorities in the People's Republic of China, the aforementioned four-volume book by Su Beihai, General History of Kazakhs, was banned for publication in China. In this work, the author, as a historian and representative of the ruling nation in the country, gives an objective assessment of the history of Kazakhs who moved from Kumil (Hami) and Barkol regions of Eastern Xinjiang. Unable to bear the national oppression of local Chinese rulers and the violence of communist authorities, people migrated to Eastern Anatolia in search of freedom. This is one of the greatest tragedies in human history, of which little is known until now. Therefore, the data of this period and the role of research on them in revealing historical truth are special. Much of the information we use in this article to uncover the facts of this history is taken from previously unpublished original data from Su Beihai's manuscript. Even today, the problem of minorities in China is not completely solved. Thousands of indigenous people born and raised in Xinjiang still live abroad.
Данные для цитирования: Kaiyrken Tursynkhan Zakonuly Makhat Danagul Akhmetkarimkyzy . HISTORICAL REASONS OF THE CHINESE KAZAKHS’ MIGRATION TO TURKEY AND EUROPE (BASED ON THE SU BEIHAI’S MANUSCRIPT GENERAL HISTORY OF THE KAZAKHS) (31-37) // Евразийский Союз Ученых. Исторические науки. 2020/08/20; 76(6):31-37.



Список литературы: [1] Akrami K. Barkol qazaqtarynyn shygysqa auuy [Relocation of Barkol Kazakhs to the East], Materials of Ile History. Ghulja, 1987. №3. [2] Ospanov K. Barkol oqigalary [Barkol events], Materials of Xinjiang History, 1986, №18, 136 p. [3] Khalit M. Munly zar (tarikhi poema) [Mournful Cry (Historical poem)], aterial of Ile History, Ghulja, 1989, №5, 109-241. [4] Xīnjiāng hāsàkè zú qiānxǐ shǐ (Xinjiang Kazakhs`s history of migration), Urumqi, Xinjiang University Press, 1993, 297. [5] General Condition of Barkol Kazakh Autonomous District, Collective work, Urumqi, Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1984. [6] Shahidiy B. Xinjiangning 50 yili (50 Year of Xinjiang), Beijing Milletler nashiryati, 1992, 800. [7] Mukarap A. Kieli kosh [Holy Relocation], Beijing, Nations Publishing House, 2012, 796. [8] Kara A. Qazaqtardyn turkiyaga koshi (Kozhan uazir aksakaldyn auyzsha derekteri) [Migration of Kazakhs to Turkey (Kozhan Vizir Aksakal`s oral data)], Almaty, "Orkhon" Publishing House, 2016, 128. [9] Zakonuly T. Umytylgan respublika: Shygys Turkistan qazaqtarynyn ult-azattyq qozgalysy. 19401949 zhzh. [The Forgotten Republic: The National Liberation Movement of the Kazakhs of East Turkestan. 1940-1949], Kazakh National Liberation Movement, Vol. 12, Astana, 2008, 185-186. [10] Su Beihai, Hāsàkè zú tōngshǐ [General History of Kazakhs], Manuscript, 1994, 1095 p. [11] Ma Lingbang, Hāsàkè rù gān jì (History of Kazakhs' arrival in Gansu), Xibeilunheng, 1942, Vol. 10, №7. [12] Guo Shunan, Hāsàkè zú zhī yánjiū jí qí rù gān jīngguò (Research on Kazakhs and their entry into Gansu), 1942, №1. [13] Gu Bao, Hāsàkè zú rù gān jì fǎn xīn jì lüè (The arrival of the Kazakhs in Gansu and their return to Xinjiang), Xinjiang, Luncong, 1948, №2.


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